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Electoral Points Proposal
!!!+!!!   A proposal to replace the Electoral College System that has been used in U.S. Presidential Elections since 1788.   !!!+!!!

D I S C L A I M E R
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Introduction - The Basics of the Proposal

1 - Eliminates use of Electoral Votes and Electors. Electoral Points are offered instead.
2 - Arranges the 50 states (and the District of Columbia) into five groups of ten (or eleven) each.
3 - Each group offers a specific number of points, depending on its Priority Status in the particular election.
4 - "Winner Take All" abolished. Each eligible candidate receives appropriate shares of available points in each state.
5 - "Voluntary Concession Option". In certain situations, a runner-up may concede an election to the leading candidate.


ALSO -- Grouping of states in each election | How points are earned | Details of each election | Election Statistics and Summaries

1 - Elimination of Electoral Votes and Electors : Electoral Points System : Run-Off

This proposal would do away with the current method in which electors are chosen and Electoral Votes are cast for President and
Vice President. Instead, Electoral Points would be awarded directly to the candidates. The candidate who earns the most points
-AND- is equal with or better than the particular election's minimum "Need-To-Win" mark would be the election winner.

If there is no outright winner, then the top two points leaders would face each other in a run-off election which would normally
occur three to four weeks later. The run-off should produce a clear outright winner. However, in the extremely unlikely event
that there is no run-off winner, then the matter would be decided by the U.S. Congress, either under existing laws or under laws
adopted to go with the Electoral Points Format.

Each state, as well as the District of Columbia (D.C.), in accordance with a specific group assignment in a given election year (see below),
would offer a specific amount of Electoral Points. Such points would be distributed among each eligible candidate who has at least
5.00% of the particular state's popular vote. To help minimize big landslides and create a more competitive atmosphere, there would
never be any occurance of "winner-take-all" unless the leading candidate is the only candidate in the particular state with at least
5.00% of that state's total popular vote.

For any election using Electoral Points to be won outright, the leading candidate must earn at least 50% plus ten of all available points.
For example, in a given year where 155,000 total Electoral Points may be available, at least 77,510 (half of 155,000 plus 10) will win it
outright. If this requirement is not satisfied, then a run-off between the top two Electoral Point Leaders would be conducted three to
four weeks after the initial election. The run-off would offer the same total amount of Electoral Points as in the initial election, and the
"Need-To-Win" mark would remain the same.

2 - Arranges the 50 states (and the District of Columbia) into five groups of ten (or eleven) each

There would be five groups of states -- A, B, C, D and E -- each with ten states as members.   The "A" Group would also have an
11th member, the District of Columbia (D.C.). The arrangements of the states and D.C. into each of these groups would be based
purely on alphabetical order. Factors such as U.S. Census population rank, Congressional apportionment or the re-shaping of
certain areas by any political entities would not play any role whatsoever in this particular arrangement process.

3 - Each group offers specific number of points, depending on its Priority Status, in a given election

In each election, the priority order of the five groups would be rotated, and Electoral Points offered by the members of each group would
be based on priority order ranking, as follows -- 1st Priority: 5,000 points for each member; 2nd Priority: 4,000 points for each member;
3rd Priority: 3,000 points for each member; 4th Priority: 2,000 points for each member; 5th Priority: 1,000 points for each member.

This kind of rotation of priority status and points offering among the five groups in each election would have a profound effect on the
overall campaigning strategy of all candidates. In some years, the areas where a particular candidate might expect to do well would
reside within the higher priority groups, which would play a large part in shaping the campaign strategy of any opponent. However,
there may also be some years when group priority status does not greatly favor any one candidate.

4 - "Winner-Take-All" Rules Abolished

The practice of unconditional "winner-take-all" in each state, based on which candidate has the most popular votes in the particular
state, regardless of their percentage share of that state's total popular vote, would be abolished. In the Electoral Points process, the
greatest share of Electoral Points from any state that a leading candidate can potentionally receive is limited to 75 percent.

Example - if the particular state offers 2,000 points, the 75% share amount is 1,500. The 75% limit rule would be waived -ONLY IF-
the leading candidate is the only person in the particular state with at least 5.00% of that state's total popular vote.

5 - Voluntary Concession Option in Run-Off Situations

There may be occasional elections where the leading candidate ends up a small amount of points short of the need-to-win mark, while
the second place candidate is well behind the leader. The overall odds and trends greatly favor the leader in a run-off. Whenever such
a scenario may occur, the second place candidate would have the option of voluntarily conceding the election to the leader, which would
eliminate the need for a run-off.

If the second place candidate officially submits a Voluntary Concession, then from them to the leader will pass the difference between the
leader's initial point total and the need-to-win mark plus 10 points. For example, in an election with 152,000 total points and a need-to-win
mark of 76,010, the leader and runner-up finish with 75,051 and 47,914 points respectively. The leader is 959 points short of the need-to-win
mark and the second place finisher is 27,137 points behind the leader. After careful research of odds trends, the second place candidate
chooses to declare a Voluntary Concession. Upon verification of the concession, the leader receives 969 points from the runner-up, thereby
making their final point totals 76,020 and 46,945 respectively, and the leader is officially certified as the election winner.

Other Electoral Points Proposal Topics

The Grouping of States .. 1960 to the Present | 1912 to 1956
Covering U.S. Presidential Elections from 1912 to the present, this pages shows the states in their assigned groups,
and then the priority ranking arrangement of the groups for a given election.


How The Candidates Earn Electoral Points
This page explains -- by way of several example scenarios involving two-or-more candidates -- how Electoral Points are earned.


Elections - Results using Electoral Points
Covering U.S. Presidential Elections from 1912 to the present, each of these pages shows how an election could be
won or lost (or else result in a run-off between the top two candidates) using Electoral Points. Also, comparisons
involving Electoral Points, actual popular votes and actual electoral votes are presented.

  Era of 50 and D.C.:    1960196419681972197619801984198819921996

200020042008201220162020

  Era of 48:   191219161920192419281932193619401944194819521956


Election Statistics
The widest and closest margins of victory between candidates; instances where run-offs might have occured;
closest margins of victory in relation to the "needed-to-win" mark; most and least points earned for 1st, 2nd
and 3rd place; listing of 4th and 5th place finishers.


Election Summaries »»» Era of 50 + D.C.: 1960 to Present     Era of 48: 1912 to 1956
Brief looks at the results of each election from 1912 to the present day. All candidates earning electoral points are mentioned.
Each brief look shows total tallies of Electoral Points, electoral votes and popular votes for the leading candidates.


Essential Links   External sources, special election articles and related subjects.





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