Introduction - The Basics of the Proposal
1 ... Eliminates use of Electoral Votes and Electors. Electoral Points are offered instead.
2 ... Arranges the 50 states (and the District of Columbia) into five groups of ten (or eleven) each.
3 ... Each group offers a specific number of points, depending on its Priority Status in the particular election.
4 ... "Winner Take All" abolished. Each eligible candidate receives appropriate shares of available points in each state.
5 ... "Voluntary Concession Option". In certain situations, a runner-up may concede an election to the leading candidate.
Grouping of states in each election; How points are earned; Details of each election; Election Statistics and Summaries.
1 - Elimination of Electoral Votes and Electors : Electoral Points System : Run-Off
This proposal would do away with the current method in which electors are chosen and Electoral Votes are cast
for President and Vice President. Instead, Electoral Points would be awarded directly to the candidates. The
candidate who earns the most points -AND- who is equal with or better than the particular election's minimum
"Need-To-Win" mark would be the election winner.
If there is no outright winner, then the top two points leaders would face each other in a run-off election which
would normally occur three to four weeks later. The run-off should produce a clear outright winner. However, in
the extremely unlikely event that there is no run-off winner, then the matter would be decided by the U.S. Congress,
either under existing laws or under laws adopted to go with the Electoral Points Format.
Each state, as well as the District of Columbia (D.C.), in accordance with a specific group assignment in a given
election year (see below), would offer a specific amount of Electoral Points. Such points would be distributed
among each eligible candidate who has at least 5.00% of the particular state's popular vote. To help minimize
big landslides and create a more competitive atmosphere, there would never be any occurance of "winner-take-all"
unless there is -ONLY ONE- candidate in the particular state with at least 5.00% of that state's total popular vote.
For any election to be won outright using Electoral Points, the leading candidate must earn at least 50% plus ten
of all available points. For example, in a given year where 155,000 total Electoral Points may be available, at least
77,510 (half of 155,000 plus 10) will win it outright. If this requirement is not satisfied, then a run-off between the
top two Electoral Point Leaders would be conducted three to four weeks after the initial election. The run-off
would offer the same amount of Electoral Points as in the initial election, as well as the same "Need-To-Win" mark.
2 - Arranges the 50 states (and District of Columbia) into five groups of ten (or eleven) each
There would be five groups of states -- A, B, C, D and E -- each with ten states as members. The "A" Group would
also have an 11th member, the District of Columbia (D.C.). The arrangements of the states and D.C. into each of
these groups would be based purely on alphabetical order. Key factors such as U.S. Census population rank,
Congressional apportionment or the re-shaping of certain areas by any political entities would not play any role
whatsoever in this particular arrangement process.
3 - Each group offers specific number of points, depending on its Priority Status,
in a given election
In each election, the priority order of the five groups would be rotated, and Electoral Points offered by each group
would be based on priority order ranking, as follows -- 1st Priority: 5,000 points for each member; 2nd Priority:
4,000 points for each member; 3rd Priority: 3,000 points for each member; 4th Priority: 2,000 points for each
member; 5th Priority: 1,000 points for each member.
This kind of rotation of priority status and points offering among the five groups in each election would have a
profound effect on the overall campaigning strategy of all candidates. In some years, the areas where a particular
candidate might expect to do well would reside within the higher priority groups, which would play a large part
in shaping the campaign strategy of any opponent. However, there may also be some years when group priority
status does not greatly favor any one candidate.
4 - "Winner-Take-All" Rules Abolished
The practice of unconditional "winner-take-all" in each state, based on which candidate has the most popular votes
in the particular state, regardless of their percentage share of that state's total popular vote, would be abolished.
In the Electoral Points process, the greatest share of Electoral Points from any state that a leading candidate can
potentionally receive is limited to 75 percent.
Example - if the particular state offers 2,000 points, the 75% share amount is 1,500. The 75% limit rule would be
waived -ONLY IF- the leading candidate is the -ONLY PERSON- in the particular state with at least 5.00% of that
state's total popular vote.
5 - Voluntary Concession Option in Run-Off Situations
There may be occasional elections where the leading candidate finishes a few points short of the need-to-win mark,
while the second place candidate is well behind the leader. The overall odds and trends greatly favor the leader in
a run-off. Whenever such a scenario may occur, the second place candidate would have the option of voluntarily
conceding the election to the leader, which would eliminate the need for a run-off.
If the second place candidate officially submits a Voluntary Concession, then from that person to the leader will
pass the difference between the leader's initial point total and the need-to-win mark plus 10 points. For example,
in an election with 152,000 total points and a need-to-win mark of 76,010, the leader and runner-up finish with
75,051 and 47,914 points respectively. The leader is 959 points short of the need-to-win mark and the second
place finisher is 27,137 points behind the leader. After careful research of odds trends, the second place
candidate chooses to declare a Voluntary Concession. Upon verification of the concession, the leader receives
969 points from the runner-up, thereby making their final point totals 76,020 and 46,945 respectively, and the
leader is officially certified as the election winner.
Other Electoral Points Proposal Topics
The Grouping of States .. 1960 to the Present | 1912 to 1956
Covering U.S. Presidential Elections from 1912 to the present, this pages shows the states in their assigned
groups, and then the priority ranking arrangement of the groups for a given election.
How The Candidates Earn Electoral Points
This page explains -- by way of several example scenarios involving two-or-more candidates -- how
Electoral Points are earned.
Elections - Results using Electoral Points
Covering U.S. Presidential Elections from 1912 to the present, each of these pages shows how an
election could be won or lost (or else result in a run-off between the top two candidates) using
Electoral Points. Also, comparisons involving Electoral Points, actual popular votes and actual
electoral votes are presented.
Era of 50 and D.C.: 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996
2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 2020
Era of 48: 1912 1916 1920 1924 1928 1932 1936 1940 1944 1948 1952 1956
The widest and closest margins of victory between candidates; instances where run-offs might have occured;
closest margins of victory in relation to the "needed-to-win" mark; most and least points earned for 1st, 2nd
and 3rd place; listing of 4th and 5th place finishers.
Election Summaries »»» Era of 50 + D.C.: 1960 to Present Era of 48: 1912 to 1956
Brief looks at the results of each election from 1912 to the present day. All candidates earning electoral
points are mentioned. Each brief look shows total tallies of Electoral Points, electoral votes and popular
votes for the leading candidates.
Essential Links External sources, special election articles and related subjects.